The Effectiveness of Synchronous and Asynchronous for Online Learning at Vocational High School

Fitri Wahyuni(1),

(1) State Islamic University of North Sumatera
Corresponding Author


The goal of this study is to characterize the implementation of the online teaching and learning process (Synchronous and Asynchronous learning), including supportive and barrier elements, students' experiences with online learning, and future expectations for participation. During the COVID-19 epidemic, students are after completing the process of introducing online teaching and learning. The investigation was conducted out at SMK Negeri 1 Tebing Tinggi, which is located in Tebing Tinggi. This study uses qualitative methodologies in its investigation. Teachers from SMK Negeri 1 Tebing Tinggi were employed as participants in this study. Semi-regular inquiries and replies, as well as taking images and assessing field outcomes, were utilized to report data. The COVID-19 epidemic has had a significant impact on education, particularly the teaching and learning process; the implementation, which was formerly done face-to-face, has now been switched to an online teaching and learning process (Synchronous learning and Asynchronous learning). The availability of modern devices such as computers and cell-phones  are as well as data bundles and reliable internet connections. There are also certain barriers for instructors in implementing the online teaching and learning process, such as numerous complaints about acquiring internet quotas, and students who are more inclined or hooked to using smartphones for entertainment than for doing homework. It is believed that through studying in this manner, children would be able to practice responsibility and extend their understanding of how to use existing technologies in the future.


Online learning, Synchronous learning, Asynchronous learning


A. S. Prabowo, P. D. D. Conia, E. Afiati, A. W. Handoyo, Rahmawati, S. Muhibah, Rochani, Sholih, D. Y. Khairun, R. Z. Dalimunthe, B. Y. Wibowo and M. D. Nurmala. (2020). Kesiapan Guru dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran daring di tengah wabah covid-19. Jurnal Penelitian Bimbingan dan Konseling, vol. V, no. 2, p. 11, 2020.

Alisar, Diktat Wanadri. (2014). Panduan Dasar Kegiatan Hidup Di Alam Bebas, Bandung: Badan pendidikan dan Latihan Wanadri.

E. Darmawan. (2018). Implementasi model pembelajaran Asynchronous dalam perancangan aplikasi simulasi panduan pecinta alam berbasis android. Journal Cloud Information, vol. III, no. 2, pp. 13- 14.

Joi L. Moore, Camille Dickson-Deane, and Krista Galyen. (2011). ‘E-Learning, Online Learning, and Distance Learning Environments: Are They the Same?’, Internet and Higher Education, 14.2.

Manaf Al-Okaily and others. (2020). Dataset on the Acceptance of E-Learning System among Universities Students’ under the COVID-19 Pandemic Conditions. Data in Brief.

Moleong, L.J. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Noor M. Alqudah and others. (2020). Perception and Experience of Academic Jordanian Ophthalmologists with E-Learning for Undergraduate Course during the COVID-19 Pandemic, Annals of Medicine and Surgery.

Nuraeni, C. (2021) ‘Maximizing mobile-assisted languagelLearning (MALL) amid covid-19 pandemic: teachers’ Perception’, METATHESIS: Journal of English Language Literature And Teaching, 5(1), pp. 11–18. doi: 10.31002/metathesis.v5i1.3336.

P. Hilna, L. H. Maula and D. A. Uswatun. (2020). Analisis proses pembelajaran dalam jaringan (daring) masa pandemi covid-19 pada Guru Sekolah Dasar. Journal of Elementary Education, vol. IV, no. 4.

W. Hartanto. (2016). Penggunaan E-Learning Sebagai Media Pembelajaran. Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pendidikan, Ilmu Ekonomi dan Ilmu Sosial, vol. X, no. 1.

Widodo, P. Pudjo and Herlawati. (2014). Menggunakan UML,Bandung: Informatika.

Yudha and G. Darma. (2014). Pemanfaatan Aplikasi Facebook Dalam Membangun E- Learning Dengan Metode Asynchronous Collaborative Learning di Politeknik Cilacap, Purwokerto: A-ma'rif.

Yulianto, D. and Mujtahid, N. M. (2021) ‘Online assessment during Covid-19 pandemic: EFL teachers’ perspectives and their practices’, Journal of English teaching, 7(2), pp. 229–242. doi: 10.33541/jet.v7i2.277.

Z. Abidin, A. Hudaya and D. Anjani. (2020) Efektivitas Pembelajaran Jarak Jauh Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Research and Development Journal of Education, vol. I, no. 1, pp. 134-136.

Full Text: PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract View : 167 times
PDF Download : 126 times

DOI: 10.57235/qistina.v2i2.586


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Fitri Wahyuni

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.